A term used for on-the-job training and can be associated with any profession including finance and radiology. However, the term is most frequently associated with a physician who has completed medical school, does not have their full license to practice without supervision and is in the first post-medical school training year.


Measurement of the amount of fluid a patient takes into their body (by drinking/eating, intravenous therapy, etc.) and the amount of fluid eliminated (through urination, sweating, etc.). The measurement is used to confirm fluid balance for the patient.


An event, occurrence, or situation involving the clinical care of a patient that could have injured the patient, but did not either cause an unanticipated injury or require the delivery of additional health care services to the patient.


A group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of inflammatory bowel disease.